|Crew members refuel an MV-22 after delivering relief goods in|
Tacloban City, Photo in Mactan Airbase November 2013.-Fritz John Augosto Menguito
tiltrotor aircraft with both a vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL),
and short takeoff and landing (STOL) capability.
It is designed to combine the functionality of a conventional
helicopter with the long-range, high-speed cruise performance of
a turboprop aircraft.
The V-22 originated from the United States Department of Defense
Joint-service Vertical take-off/landing Experimental (JVX) aircraft
program started in 1981.
The team of Bell Helicopter and Boeing Helicopters was awarded a
development contract in 1983 for the tiltrotor aircraft.
The Bell Boeing team jointly produce the aircraft.
The V-22 first flew in 1989, and began flight testing and design alterations; the complexity and difficulties of being the first tiltrotor intended for military service in the world led to many years of development.
The United States Marine Corps began crew training for the Osprey
in 2000, and fielded it in 2007; it is supplementing and will
eventually replace their CH-46 Sea Knights. The Osprey's other operator,
the U.S. Air Force, fielded their version of the tiltrotor in 2009.
Since entering service with the U.S. Marine Corps and Air Force,
the Osprey has been deployed in both combat and rescue operations
over Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya.
Crew: Four (pilot, copilot and two flight engineers/crew chiefs)
24 troops (seated), 32 troops (floor loaded), or
20,000 lb (9,070 kg) of internal cargo, or up to 15,000 lb (6,800 kg) of external cargo (dual hook)
1× Growler light internally transportable ground vehicle
Length: 57 ft 4 in (17.5 m)
Rotor diameter: 38 ft 0 in (11.6 m)
Wingspan: 45 ft 10 in (14 m)
Width with rotors: 84 ft 7 in (25.8 m)
Height: 22 ft 1 in/6.73 m; overall with nacelles vertical (17 ft 11 in/5.5 m; at top of tailfins)
Disc area: 2,268 ft² (212 m²)
Wing area: 301.4 ft² (28 m²)
Empty weight: 33,140 lb (15,032 kg)
Loaded weight: 47,500 lb (21,500 kg)
Max. takeoff weight: 60,500 lb (27,400 kg)
Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Allison T406/AE 1107C-Liberty turboshafts, 6,150 hp (4,590 kW) each
Maximum speed: 275 knots (509 km/h, 316 mph) at sea level / 305 kn (565 km/h; 351 mph) at 15,000 ft (4,600 m)
Cruise speed: 241 knots (277 mph, 446 km/h) at sea level
Stall speed: 110 knots (126 mph) in airplane mode
Range: 879 nmi (1,011 mi, 1,627 km)
Combat radius: 390 nmi (426 mi, 722 km)
Ferry range: 1,940 nmi(2,230 mi, 3,590 km)with auxiliary internal fuel tanks
Service ceiling: 25,000 ft (7,620 m)
Rate of climb: 2,320 – 4,000 ft/min (11.8 m/s)
Glide ratio: 4.5:1
Disc loading: 20.9 lb/ft² at 47,500 lb GW (102.23 kg/m²)
Power/mass: 0.259 hp/lb (427 W/kg)
|USS Marine Corps MV-22 Osprey prepares to deliver relief goods in Victims of Haiyan / Yolanda Super Typhoon in November 2013 - Fritz John Augosto Menguito|
|Crew Member Checking the list of relief goods to deliver in victim of Super Typhoon Haiyan / Yolanda in Philippines. - Fritz John Augosto Menguito|
Role V/STOL transport
National origin United States
Manufacturer Bell Helicopter Boeing Rotorcraft Systems
First flight 19 March 1989
Introduction 13 June 2007
Status In service
Primary users United States Marine Corps United States Air Force
Number built 160
Program cost US$35.6 billion after planned procurement of 408 aircraft
Unit cost MV-22: US$69.3 million (flyaway cost for FY2012)
Developed from Bell XV-15